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Types of Florida Grasses

South Florida's green lawns and landscapes are part of what make our state so uniquely beautiful. From Bermuda grass to St. Augustine grass and types of Bahia grass, these are just some of the many kinds of grass types that keep Florida lawns looking so lush.

Bermuda Grass:

There are two types of Bermuda grass: common and hybrid. Common Bermuda grass is fairly rough textured, and more tolerant of drought-like climates than hybrid Bermuda grass. Hybrid Bermuda grass is a bit softer than its sister grass. In general, Bermuda grass is typically light green in color, inexpensive to plant, and is one of the most popular varieties of grass. It's also fairly low maintenance, and able to withstand intense Florida temperatures without being watered every day. The roots of Bermuda grass grow very deep, often grown from seeds, plugs, or sod. If you have kids or pets, Bermuda grass is an excellent choice, as it stands up under heavy wear. It responds well to being in full sunlight, but since it grows quickly, it can fast become weed-like. If you want to limit the growth of Bermuda grass, give it some shade. This type of grass can be mowed anywhere from a half-inch to 1.5 inches.

Zoysia Grass:

Zoysia grass works well in Florida because it, like Bermuda grass, doesn't need to be watered often. These two types of grass also grow well in full sun and can handle rough treatment from kids and pets. Unlike Bermuda grass, it does well in partial shade, has a soft to medium texture, and is dark green in color. A good time to plant the Zoysia grass is in the spring or summer. It grows approximately 1 to 2.5 inches. Zoysia grass also takes a minimum of two years to grow from sod or plugs to full grown grass.

St. Augustine Grass:

St. Augustine grass, like Zoysia and Bermuda, does well in warm weather and full sun. However, whereas Zoysia and Bermuda grasses can go for long periods of time without being watered, St. Augustine is a thirsty grass, requiring a regular watering schedule. It can be watered two or three times per week, June through August, if your St. Augustine grass is already doing well; if not, it will need even more water. St. Augustine grass reaches its growth peak in the summer but slows down during the latter half of the year. Also unlike Zoysia and Bermuda, St. Augustine grass isn't very wear tolerant and is best suited for low-traffic lawns/turf.

Bahia Grass Types:

Bahia grass and its types are hearty and fairly untroubled by illness or insects, with the possible exception of the mole cricket, which can destroy roots. Bahia grass feels like a thick green carpet to the touch, and it's more than tough enough for whatever outdoor activities your family wants to throw at it. It's responsive to heat and doesn't need to be fertilized regularly. Bahia grass is also low-maintenance and does well in sandy soil.

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