GET STARTED

Aphids

Active Seasons

Illustration representing the spring season
Illustration representing the summer season
Illustration representing the winter season
Illustration representing the fall season

Appearance and Size Facts

  • Small, soft bodied insects commonly called plant lice or ant cows
  • Range in color from green to brown, red, black or purple
  • Some species may even have different color forms in the same colony
  • Most have the soft exoskeleton exposed
  • Some species produce waxy, cottony strands which cover the body
  • Examples of these types of aphids would be Wooly aphids or Palm aphids
  • Size: Range from 1/16 to 1/8 inch in length

Behavior and Habitat of Aphids

Virtually every plant has at least one aphid species that attacks it. There are about 4,000 species of aphids in the world, of which about 250 are serious pests. These small insects are masters of reproduction and are often found in great numbers on stems or leaves. Some species even feed on the roots of plants. Aphids are common pests of nearly all indoor and outdoor ornamental plants, as well as vegetables, fruit trees, and field crops. Aphids injure plants by directly removing plant juices (sap from phloem tissues) and causing plant stress, reducing the aesthetic quality of plants by secreting a sugary liquid excrement (called "honeydew") on which a black-colored fungus called "sooty mold" grows, discoloring the foliage and further stressing the plant by preventing sunlight from reaching plant cells for photosynthesis, and by possibly transmitting plant diseases, particularly viruses.

Image of a magnifying glass

Signs of Infestation of Aphids

Probably the most common disturbance caused by aphids is their never-ending production of honeydew. This sweet liquid drips onto plant foliage and stems and soon the plant is covered with black sooty mold. Cars, sidewalks, and lawn furniture under trees or plants infested with aphids are also covered with this sticky fluid. Ants, flies, and wasps appreciate the sugary meal and can become a nuisance of their own since they are attracted to the honeydew.

An illustration representing a warning sign for bug infestation

Tips for Prevention of Aphids

Drench plants with strong sprays of water from a garden hose to dislodge the aphids and remove some of the honeydew. Sticky bands can be placed around tree and plant trunks to prevent aphids from getting onto the plant, as only some males will be winged and able to fly onto a plant, while all others remain wingless and must climb onto the plant.

A cropped image of a pencil

Aphid Gallery

Photograph of aphid
Photograph of aphid number 2
Photograph of aphid number 3

Latest Pest & Termite Control News

Common Pest Activity in South Florida in the Fall

Common Pest Activity in South Florida in the Fall

As inviting as South Florida is, with its sunny, tropical environment, luscious landscapes, and miles of beaches to enjoy, there are downsides to paradise, such as the humidity and pest activity that continues to pester homeowners into the fall and winter.  In many parts of the country, common...

Read More ›
Tiny Ants Invaded Your House? Here\'s What You Can Do!

Tiny Ants Invaded Your House? Here\'s What You Can Do!

Tiny black ants are known to invade kitchens and bathrooms, especially in South Florida. In this post, we review how these tiny ants enter the home and what steps you can take to prevent them and stop their invasion in its tracks. Got tiny ants in your house? The few you see walking across your...

Read More ›
7 Ways to Prevent Ants From Taking Over Your Kitchen This Summer

7 Ways to Prevent Ants From Taking Over Your Kitchen This Summer

Ants are a common problem for homeowners in South Florida and once they establish themselves in your home, they can be hard to evict. Most ants that you see foraging in your kitchen or bathroom are usually nuisance ants such as ghost ants, commonly referred to as sugar ants, that are looking for...

Read More ›