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Slugs and Snails

Active Seasons

Illustration representing the spring season
Illustration representing the summer season
Illustration representing the winter season
Illustration representing the fall season

Appearance and Size Facts

  • Vary in color based on the species
  • Usually brown, green, or yellow in color but some species are black
  • Snails have a calciferous shell to protect their body, while slugs do not
  • Size: Most are small and range from 1 to 3 inches in length, although some, such as the giant African land snail, may reach larger sizes
  • They are often found in vegetation or areas in contact with the soil.
  • Capable of damaging many plants as they feed

Behavior and Habitat of Slugs and Snails

Slugs and snails are common inhabitants around most homes. Snails enclose themselves with a protective shell, while slugs cover themselves with a slime layer. Both snails and slugs can be serious pests of landscape plantings. They can also be seen on decks, patios, and even indoors. Snails and slugs are often found in vegetation or areas in contact with the soil. They are capable of damaging many plants as they feed and are considered real pests.

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Signs of Infestation of Slugs and Snails

Signs of slug or snail infestations are slimy trails which remain visible for several days and their feeding damage to plants.

An illustration representing a warning sign for bug infestation

Tips for Prevention of Slugs and Snails

Store firewood piles off the ground and away from the house. Put planters and flower pots onto racks or stands and remove lumber and stones that can provide a damp hiding place. Make sure exterior doors close properly and replace missing weatherstripping or door sweeps. Also, make sure crawl space vents are open to allow circulation and reduce dampness. It may be necessary to use a dehumidifier in damp areas like basements.

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Slugs and Snails Gallery

Photograph of slugs and snails

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