Appearance and Size Facts
- Belong to the order Rodentia
- Rats are short-bodied rodents
- Usually having a pointed muzzle, a long slender tail, and dexterous forepaws
- They have overly sized front teeth
- Size: 5 to 18 inches
- The most common rodents found in homes are the Norway rat and the Roof rat
Types of Rodents
Behavior and Habitat of Rodents
The term rat usually refers to the two most common nuisance rat pest species, the Norway rat and the Roof rat. Both species originated in Asia, but have spread throughout the world by human travel overseas. They both belong to the genus Rattus, which includes 51 species. The average life span of a rat is 2 years. Rats have poor eyesight and are colorblind. They primarily see light, shadow, and movement. They do have very developed sense of hearing, smell, touch and taste. Their hearing is ultrasonic.
Signs of Infestation of Rodents
Worldwide, rats and mice spread over 35 diseases. Rodent-borne diseases are spread directly to humans through bite wounds, contaminated food or water, and through breathing in germs that may have been stirred into the air. Diseases from rodents are also spread indirectly to humans by way of ticks, mites, and fleas that transmit the infection to humans after feeding on infected rodents. Rats are also known for causing damage to homes and structures. They often chew on electrical wires creating the potential for a structure fire. Rats can also cause insulation damage, thereby decreasing the thermal efficiency of your home, and water damage from chewing on roof shingles, water pipes, and fascia boards.
Tips for Prevention of Rodents
Maintain a clean environment and seal all crevices and holes. Commensal rodents look for entry points for shelter from cooler weather.
Latest Pest & Termite Control News
Subterranean Termite Control in West Palm Beach: Sentricon Colony Elimination
Mar 09, 2023—Florida Termites
Here in Palm Beach County and our northern neighbors in the Treasure Coast, including subterranean termite prevention and control as a part of your general home maintenance plan is essential. This is especially true in West Palm Beach, which was named in the “Top 10 Worst Termite...Read More ›
New Year Pest Control Resolutions for Your South Florida Home
Dec 19, 2022—Rodents, Pest Control, Rodents
A new year means new pests are trying to call your South Florida house their home. This year, along with new year’s resolutions to improve your health, finances, attitude, and whatever other things you want to change in your life, make this year the year you keep your South Florida home...Read More ›
Expert Advice on Protecting Your Home and Lawn from Pests this Winter
Dec 08, 2022—Florida Lawn Care
Living in South Florida means rodents, ants, and other pests don't take the winters off! Meanwhile, your lawn needs less watering and mowing during the winter months and is susceptible to various diseases such as brown patch fungus. Your lawn in winter While we’re outdoors, let’s talk...Read More ›