Appearance and Size Facts
- Roaches vary in color from a brown to black in the house-invading species
- Tropical species can be green, orange, and other colors
- These insects can grow up to 1.5 inches in length and prefer warm, moist, and dark areas
- They have an oval shape and are flat-bodied, with a pronotum, or shield-like covering, which projects behind their head
- Males and females of most species are fully winged
- Able to fly short distances but seldom do - preferring to let their six long legs do the scurrying when making a run for cover
Behavior and Habitat
Although cockroaches can be found in groups in their daytime hiding areas, known as harborages, or feeding in groups at night, cockroaches are generally not social insects as ants or wasps are. They tend to behave in an individual or solitary manner, but often form small clusters. Cockroaches aren't picky eaters, though they tend to favor decaying matter, and have been known to snack on sweet, starchy and greasy foods. As scavengers, the cockroach is an opportunistic and omnivorous feeder. They have been known to eat just about anything: paper, boots, pet food, book bindings, cloth, leather, glue, and even other roaches.
Signs of Infestation
Droppings, egg capsules, and the roaches themselves are signs of infestation.
Tips for Prevention
Maintain a clean environment, seal all crevices and holes, and inspect items for cockroach activity before bringing anything indoors.
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